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However, Plutarch spent most of his life in his native city and in nearby Delphi.There must have been two reasons for this; first, Plutarch's strong ties with his family, which apparently was wealthy enough to support his studies and travels (Russell 1973, 3–5), and, second, his own interest in the religious activity of Delphi.He was a voluminous writer, author also of a collection of “Moralia” or “Ethical Essays,” mostly in dialogue format, many of them devoted to philosophical topics, not at all limited to ethics.Plutarch's significance as a philosopher, on which this article concentrates, lies in his attempt to do justice to Plato's work as a whole, and to create a coherent and credible philosophical system out of it, as Plotinus will also do later (204–270 CE). First, Plutarch respects both the skeptical/aporetic element in Plato (as marked by the tentativeness with which Socrates and the other main speakers in his dialogues regularly advance their views) and the views apparently endorsed by the main speakers of the dialogues, which were widely regarded as Plato's own doctrines (e.g. Second, Plutarch focuses primarily and quite strongly on the , according to which the world has come about in time from two principles, the creator god and the “Indefinite Dyad”.The volume bears witness to the ongoing, wide-ranging interest in Plutarch's biographies.
Plutarch must have stayed in Athens not only during his studies with Ammonius but considerably longer, so as to become an Athenian citizen ( 678A; see Russell 1973, 7–8).
This is the same soul, which becomes rational when god imparts reason from himself to it.
As a result of god's imparting reason to the world soul, matter ceases to move in a disorderly manner, being brought into order through the imposition of Forms on it.
The latter, the so-called ) of distinguished Greek and Roman men examined in pairs, demonstrate Plutarch's historical and rhetorical abilities, also showing his interest in character formation and politics (Russell 1973, 100–116).
Plutarch's philosophical works, many of them dialogues (set in Delphi or Chaeronea), cover half of his literary output.